Morse Code is used in telecommunication; it is a method of transmitting and receiving coded information. Each character (letter or numeral) is coded/represented by a unique sequence of dots and dashes. Compared to voice, Morse code is less sensitive to poor signal conditions, yet still comprehensible to humans without a decoding device, therefore, a useful alternative to synthesized speech for sending automated data to skilled listeners (radio operators) on a voice channel.
The project’s first part is composed of an electret microphone followed by a common emitter follower amplifier; this transistor amplifier also acts as a first-level bandpass filter. Its band edges are determined by the size of the coupling capacitors, and the feedback capacitor between the transistor’s base and collector terminals. The next part of the project is the PLL (phase lock loop) tone detector/decoder NE567; its output is a one-zero pattern replicating the dots-and-dashes sequence of the received signal. This output drives both an input to the PIC16F84 microcontroller and an LED that is used as a receiver tuning aid.
Another part is the PIC16F84 microcontroller, its function is to measure the duration of the one-zero input string from the tone decoder, and translate the pattern into DOTs, DASHs, and symbol spaces, character spaces, or word spaces. For each of the symbols that are received, an equivalent “code word” is assembled and is converted to its ASCII equivalent character for display. And for the final part, the CPU interfaces to the LCD line display, sending ASCII characters to it and monitoring the LCD status.